“ सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके । शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तु ते ॥
 

Guru Arjun Dev Ji

2015-05-21 20:23:43, comments: 0

Guru Arjan

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Guru Arjan
ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜਨ
Guru Arjan.jpg
opaque watercolour on paper
The Government Museum, Chandigarh
Born 15 April 1563
Goindval, Tarn Taaran, India
Died 30 May 1606 (aged 43)[1]
Lahore
Other names The Fifth Master
Years active 1581–1606
Known for Compiled and installed the Adi Granth; built the Harmandir Sahib.
Predecessor Guru Ram Das
Successor Guru Hargobind
Spouse(s) Mata Ganga
Children Guru Hargobind
Parent(s) Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani

Guru Arjan ([ɡʊru əɾdʒən]; 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606)[1] was the first martyr ofSikh faith and the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval,Punjab the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani, the daughter ofGuru Amar Das.[2]

Guru Arjan lived as the Guru of Sikhismfor a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Amritsar and founded other cities, such as Taran Taran and Kartarpur. The greatest contribution Guru Arjan made to the Sikh faith was to compile all of the past Gurus' writings, along with selected writings of other saints from different backgrounds which he considered consistent with the teachings of Sikhism into one book, now the holy scripture: the Guru Granth Sahib. It is, perhaps, the only script which still exists in the form first published (a hand-written manuscript) by the Guru.[3]

Guru Arjan organised the Masand system, a group of representatives who taught and spread the teachings of the Gurus and also received the Dasvand, a voluntary offering of a Sikh's income (in money, goods or service) that Sikhs paid to support the building ofGurdwara Sahib, Langar (shared communal kitchens) originally intended to share with sense of love, respect and equality, still an important element today in any Gurdwara. While Langar began with earlier Gurus of Sikhism, Guru Arjan is credited for laying the foundation of the systematic institution of Langar as a religious duty, and one that has continued ever since.[4]

Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangirand asked to convert to Islam.[5][6] He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE.[5][7] Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during torture.[5][8] His martyrdom is considered a watershed event in the history of Sikhism.

Categories entry: SIkh Religion
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