“ सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके । शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तु ते ॥
 

Hindu Calender

Hindu calendar is a collective name for most of the lunisolar calendars and solar calendars used in India since ancient times. Since ancient times it has undergone many changes in the process of regionalization and today there are several regional Indian Hindu calendars. It has also been standardized as Indian national calendar. Nepali calendar, Assamese Calendar, Bengali calendar, Malayalam calendar, Tamil calendar, Telugu calendar, Kannada calendar etc. are some prominent regional Hindu calendars.
The common feature of all regional Hindu calendars is that the names of the twelve months are the same (because the names are based in Sanskrit) though the spelling and pronunciation have come to vary slightly from
region to region over thousands of years. The month which starts the year also varies from region to region. The Buddhist calendar and the traditional lunisolar calendars of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand are also based on an older version of the Hindu calendar.
Most of the Hindu calendars are inherited from a system first enunciated in Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa's of Lagadha, a late BCE adjunct to the Veda-s, standardized in the Sūrya Siddhānta (3rd century CE) and subsequently reformed by astronomers such as Āryabhaṭṭa (499 CE), Varāhamihira (6th century CE), and Bhāskara II (12th century CE). Differences and regional variations abound in these computations, but the following is a general overview of Hindu lunisolar calendar.
Month names

There are 12 months in Hindu lunar Calendar:

1. Chaitra (चैत्र, చైత్రం) Meṣa (Aries)
2. Vaiśākha (वैशाख, వైశాఖం) Vṛṣabha (Taurus)
3. Jyaiṣṭha (ज्येष्ठ, జ్యేష్ఠ) Mithuna (Gemini)
4.Āṣāḍha (आषाढ, ఆషాఢం) Karka (Cancer)
5. Śrāvaṇa (श्रावण, శ్రావణం) Siṃha (Leo)
6. Bhādrapada or Bhādra also Proṣṭhapada (भाद्रपद,भाद्र,प्रोष्ठपद, బాద్రపదం) Kanyā (Virgo)
7. Āśvina in,sometimes Aśvayuja ( आश्विन,अश्वयुज, ఆశ్విజం) Tula (Libra)
8. Kārtika (कार्तिक, కార్తీకం) Vṛścika (Scorpio)
9. Agrahāyaṇa or, Mārgaśīrṣa (मार्गशीर्ष,अग्रहायण, మార్ఘశిరం) Dhanus (Sagittarius)
10. Pauṣa (पौष, పుష్యం) Makara (Capricorn)
11. Māgha (माघ, మాఘం) Kumbha (Aquarius)
12. Phālguna (फाल्गुन, ఫాల్గుణం)Mīna (Pisces)[7]
 
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